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Poornima kit vs Vermicompost

Introduction

Poornima Kit is a package of product which include beneficial soil micro-organisms as well as humic substance that helps to enhance soil health and plant performance. On the other hand Vermicompost is the product of the decomposition process using various species of worms. Microbes present in biocapsule are the decomposers. They secrete enzymes that break down the complex organic materials in the vermicompost into simpler forms. This makes them easier for the worms to digest and for plants to eventually absorb.

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Objectives:

Objectives:

    1. Effect of Poornima Kit and vermicompost on the growth and development of rice and soil health during each phase of rice.
    2. Effect of Poornima Kit and vermicompost on the growth and development of rice, yield attributing characters and yield.
TREATMENT DETAILS: -
Treatment No. Treatment details
  1st Dose (before sowing)
T1 No applicatoin
T 2 Poornima kit
T 3 Vermicompost
T 4 Poornima Kit + Vermicompost

Components of Poornima cycle Kit

NPK consortia, zinc solubilizing bacteria, Humigrow (humic acid) PGP/PGR, Cropforce PGP/PGR and mycorrhiza.
The rate of application of different components of Poornima cycle Kit was as follows:
(i) NPK consortia: 2 capsule per acre
(ii) Zinc solubilizing bacteria : 1capsule per acre
(iii) Humigrow :120g per acre
(iv) Cropforce : 120g per acre
(v) Mycorrhiza : 100g per acre
Note:-The application rate of organic manure and fertilizers was as follows: (i) Bio slurry : 40 liter per hectare

Observations recorded

A. Plant:-
  1. Plant Height (cm) at 30,60,90 days after transplanting.
  2. of tillers 60,90 days after transplanting.
  3. Grain yield (q ha‾¹) per plot

B. Soil :-

  1. Organic carbon
  2. Microbial Population (cfu/gm soil)
  3. Residual NPK content in soil.

Results:-

Study of plant growth parameters as influenced by application of Poornima Kit and Vermicompost:
(i)       Plant height: -
The treatment T2 (Poornima kit) had significantly increased the plant height over treatment T3 (Vermicompost). The combined application of Poornima kit and Vermicompost had recorded the significant height as mentioned in Table-1.
Table-1.Effect of Poornima Kit on height of paddy grown in vertisol under Chhattisgarh plain
 
Treatment No. Treatment Details Height(cm)
  30DAT   60DAT   90DAT
T1 Control(No Fertilizer) 52.82 81.65 84.21
T2 Poornima Kit 55.39 88.90 90.47
T3 Vermicompost 56.54 86.57 88.84
T4 Poornima Kit + Vermicompost 53.38 83.39 85.37
 
(ii)   Variation in tiller number of paddy due to application of Poonima Kit and Vermicompost:-
  The number of tillers was influenced by application of Poornima Kit at different growth stages of Plant development, notably at 60 & 90 days after transplanting (DAT) (Table-2). The result revealed that treatment with Poornima Kit found effective over treatment with vermicompost to increase the number of tillers of crop.
Table -2. Effect of Poornima Kit on number of Tillers of paddy grown in Vertisol under Chhattisgarh plain.
 
Treatment  (no.) Treatment details Grain yield Straw yield  
    kg/plot q/ha kg/plot q/ha
T1 Control(No Fertilizer) 3.93 18.71 5.1 24.29
T2 Poornima Kit 8.46 40.29 11.51 54.81
T3 Vermicompost 7.10 33.81 9.75 46.43
T4 Poornima Kit + Vermicompost 7.67 36.52 10.07 47.95

(iii) Crop yield:-
The crop yield study was conducted after harvest of crop. parameters related to crop yield was measured (Table-3) to justify the efficacy of Poornima Kit. The grain yield and straw yield per plot were measured and further converted the quantity of yield to quintal per hectare on the basis of plot wise data.
Table -03.Effect of Poornima Kit on yield parameters of paddy grown in Vertisol under Chhattisgarh plain.
Treatment No. Treatment Details Number of Tillers/plant
    60 DAT 90 DAT
T1 Control (No Fertilizer) 3.93 4.23
T2 Poornima Kit 4.40 4.50
T3 Vermicompost 4.07 4.27
T4 Poornima Kit + Vermicompost 4.03 4.17

Soil properties as influenced by application of Poornima Kit and vermicompost :-
 
  1. Soil organic carbon:- The soil organic carbon was estimated at different growth stages of paddy crop which was presented in (Table-04).The data revealed that at 30 DAT the treatment T2 (Poornima kit) significantly increased the soil organic carbon in comparison to treatment T3 (vermicompost). At Harvest comparatively higher organic matters accumulation in soil was observed in comparison to 30 DAT. Highest accumulation of soil organic carbon was attributed to treatment T2 (Poornima Kit) which has an accumulation of 0.59% organic carbon in soil at harvest.
    Table -4.Effect of Poornima Kit on soil organic carbon  of paddy grown Vertisol under Chhattisgarh plain.
 
Treatment No. Treatment Details Soil Organic Carbon(%)
  30DAT   60DAT   At harvest
T1 Control (No Fertilizer) 0.43 0.48 0.46
T2 Poornima Kit 0.52 0.59 0.52
T3 Vermicompost 0.53 0.56 0.5
T4 Poornima Kit + Vermicompost 0.54 0.54 0.53

(2) Variation in microbial growth in paddy rhizosphere due to application of poornima kit :
A study on the growth of bacteria, fungi and actinomycetes in paddy rhizosphere was performed at 30, 60 DAT and at harvest (Table- 05). The population of bacteria increased significantly in combination treatment of Poornima kit+ vermicompost over vermicompost at 30, 60 DAT and at harvest. Similar to bacteria, fungal population was affected significantly in above three stages of crop.
Table -05. Effect of Poornima Kit on Microbial Population in paddy grown in Vertisol under Chhattisgarh plain.
 
Treatment No. Treatment details Microbial Population (cfu/gm soil)
    Bacteria(x107) Fungi (x104) Actinomycetes(x106)
30 DAT 60 DAT At harvest 30 DAT 60 DAT At harvest 30 DAT 60 DAT At harvest
T1 No application 44.33 47.33 40.33 14.33 16.33 10.33 32.7 38.00 35.67
T2 Poornima kit 52.67 60.67 48.33 17.33 20.67 15.00 43.33 50.33 52.00
T3 Vermicompost 61.00 64.33 53.00 21.67 23.33 17.33 56.67 58.67 55.33
T4 Poornima kit + vermicompost 58.67 65.67 53.67 20.67 24.00 18.67 55.33 55.00 53.00
  3) Variation in residual nutrient content in soil due to application of Poornima Kit:- The residual nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium content in soil were determined at harvest of crop which is presented in Table-06. The values shown that there was a non-significant variation was found among residual nitrogen &potassium quantity due to application of different treatments. However, phosphorus content varied significantly among treatments. All the three major nutrients found in maximum quantity in soil due to combined application of Poornima Kit+vermicompost (T4). Table -06.Effect of Poornima Kit on residual soil nutrient content of paddy grown Vertisol under Chhattisgarh plain
Treatment No.           Treatment details Residual soil nutrient content (kg/ha)
    N P K
    30DAT 60DAT At harvest 30 DAT 60 DAT At harvest 30 DAT 60 DAT At harvest
T1 Control (NoFertilizer) 242.52 242.52 225.79 18.91 18.55 17.39 465.70 450.02 431.98
T2 Poornima Kit 246.70 255.06 238.34 21.39 22.46 20.37 476.22 465.55 446.32
T3 Vermicompost 250.88 255.06 242.52 23.18 23.21 21.48 473.72 467.04 459.39
T4 Poornima Kit + Vermicompost 250.88 259.24 250.88 23.66 23.75 21.63 478.58 470.25 463.90

Conclusion:

The study titled "Evaluation of effect of Poornima Kit: Biofertilizer, Efficacy Testing Using Paddy as a Model Crop" draws conclusions suggesting that the application of the Poornima Kit presents a viable alternative for partially replacing vermicompost application. The study encompassed  treatments, with the Poornima Kit .The findings are as follows:

    • The utilization of the Poornima Kit demonstrated the most significant increase in bacterial population in the soil at different growth stages of crop and was more effective during the most active stage of crop growth (60 days after transplanting). However, the highest fungal and actinomycetes populations were also observed at the same growth stage.
    • The application of poornima kit results in enhancing crop growth, yield attributing parameters, and overall crop yield compared  to application of vermicompost alone.
    • The Poornima Kit's composition suggests potential mechanisms for increased soil organic carbon (SOC) through enhanced plant growth, improved residue decomposition, and atmospheric nitrogen fixation.

 

Recommendation - Poornima kit:-

  • Improves soil structure and fertility and maintains soil pH .
  • Helps to increase soil organic carbon.
  • Long term regular use of Poornima kit aims to enhance soil nutrient efficiency.
  • Helps in soil aggregation process and stimulate microbial activity.
  • Poornima Kit has the potential to contribute to overall better plant growth and potentially higher crop yields.

 

Welcome to Siestogreen

Founded in September 2021 and headquartered in Raipur, Chhattisgarh, Siestogreen is poised to become a distinguished leader in agricultural advancements and a pioneer in eco-friendly farming practices. At Siestogreen, our products are meticulously crafted to improve agricultural yields while emphasizing human well-being and environmental sustainability.

Office
Bhimasria Park, Industrial Area, Bhanpuri, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.

Copyright © 2023 Siesto Green. All Rights Reserved. Built with Expertise by Growlly.

Welcome to Siestogreen

Founded in September 2021 and headquartered in Raipur, Chhattisgarh, Siestogreen is poised to become a distinguished leader in agricultural advancements and a pioneer in eco-friendly farming practices. At Siestogreen, our products are meticulously crafted to improve agricultural yields while emphasizing human well-being and environmental sustainability.

Office
Bhimasria Park, Industrial Area, Bhanpuri, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.
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Copyright © 2023 Siesto Green. All Rights Reserved. Built with Expertise by Growlly.